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Sociology can either be viewed as a natural science or a social science. These two viewpoints form two distinct approaches to Sociology.

Positivism
Positivism - Sociology is objective, as there

are "truths" behind every society. Therefore,

methods similar to natural sciences should

be used. Prefers quantitative data.

Inter
Interpretivism - Sociology is subjective, as the

society is formed by people's actions.

Therefore, methods similar to social sciences

should be used. Prefers qualitative data.

These viewpoints are not factions; modern sociologists tend to combine methods from both approaches.